Ultrasound Therapy

Ultrasound therapy is a high-frequency deep tissue micro-massage.

In addition to electrotherapy, ultrasound therapy is also often used as a form of physical therapy. It is a high-frequency, deep-tissue micro-massage , and as such it is considered as a mechanotherapy. Therapeutic ultrasound is used at frequencies of 1 MHz or 3 MHz, in a continuous or pulsed mode in a veriety of cycles.

Depending on the parameters, it can focus on achieving:

  • a mechanical effect (ultrasonic pulsations achieve a special micro massage of cells),

  • thermal effect (manifested by a moderate increase in the local temperature of the treated tissue, within the limits of the penetration of these waves),

  • chemical effect (demonstrated by reinforcement of the oxidation processes in the tissues and acceleration of their metabolism)

  • neuroreflex effect (decreased muscle tone).

 

Ultrasound therapy can briefly be explained as:

  • accelerating metabolic functions and micro circulation

  • Improving mechanical properties of connective tissue (collagen fibers)

  • mitigating pain and the islands

  • myorelaxation (muscle tone reduction)

  • improving the elasticity of the scar tissue

 

Since the ultrasound is poorly implemented through the air, a contact agent (ultrasound gel, paraffin oil, gel medications) or water (subclaval ultrasound) should be used.

Contraindications include bleeding and prone to bleeding, acute infections and infections in general, pacemaker, osteoporosis, malignancy and occlusive arterial disease.